Gear Marking in Indonesian Small Scale Fisheries

World Animal Protection

This pilot – the first of its kind in a developing world fishery – is testing approaches to marking and tracking fishing gear in a gillnet fishery ahead of the FAO Technical Consultation and the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) meeting in July 2018. It will provide valuable feedback from the field on the efficacy, methodology and barriers to gear marking as a tool for addressing ALDFG and potentially illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing.

Indonesia was proposed as a country for a pilot project given the abundance of ALDFG and increasing threat of IUU fishing in Indonesian territorial waters coupled with a strong commitment by the Indonesian government to take steps towards addressing both issues. Gillnets were proposed as a primary focus of the project due to both their prevalence and impact as ALDFG. Gillnets, designed to catch fish by entangling them around their gills, along with trammel nets, are among the most prevalent gear types globally, and, if not managed properly are among the most damaging gear types if lost or abandoned. Gillnets and other entangling nets are able to maintain high ghost fishing catch rates for long periods, years in some cases.

Following the learnings from the project’s first phase, currently underway, GGGI is further developing the scope of ghost gear mitigation in the region through the expansion of successful components from Phase 1 of the pilot project. Phase 2 will have a specific focus on embedding and improving current management practices for gillnets, including gear marking, end-of-life net management, lost gear reporting and other best practices.

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